Oral Care Advise

Why STIM ® Toothbrushes?

STIM ® toothbrushes are 'short & SLIM' headed brushes that reaches up to the last molar and cleans the front teeth from inside which is not possible with large-headed, fancy toothbrushes. In short "STIM" small head toothbrush reaches all area of mouth and remove plaque effectively. Plaque removal is of outmost importance as because if plaque is not removed then it becomes tartar, which irritates gums and thus start bleeding. If not treated this may result in tooth loss.

What is Plaque and teeth tartar?

Plaque is a sticky, colorless film containing bacteria that build up naturally on tooth surfaces and especially along the gum line within four to 12 hours after brushing. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden into tartar (calculus) if not removed daily, by tooth brushing. Dental plaque can give rise to dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal problems such as gingivitis (swelling of the gums) and periodontitis (swelling of the tissues supporting the teeth). Plaque control and removal is achieved with correct tooth brushing and use of interdental aids( for cleaning between the teeth) such as dental floss and interdental brushes.

Plaque and teeth tartar Plaque and teeth tartar

Removal of plaque is important ,as it may become acidic causing loss of minerals from the teeth (also known as caries) or harden into calculus (also known as tartar). Calculus cannot be removed through tooth brushing or with interdental aids and can only be removed through professional cleaning (scaling). Therefore, removal of plaque (which is the root cause of all problems) will prevent the development of caries and gum diseases.

What is Bad Breath?

Bad Breath (halitosis) can result from poor dental health habits and may be a sign of other health problems. It can also be made worse by the types of foods eaten and other unhealthy lifestyle habits.

Basically, all the food eaten begins to be broken down in the mouth. As foods are digested and absorbed into the bloodstream, they are eventually carried to the lungs and given off in the breath. If brushing and flossing is not done daily, food particles can remain in the mouth, promoting bacterial growth between teeth, around the gums, and on the tongue. This causes bad breath. Antibacterial mouth rinses also can help reduce bacteria.
Bad Breath Bad Breath
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth may be a warning sign of gum (periodontal) disease that is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth.
  • Other dental causes of bad breath include poorly fitting dental appliances, yeast infections of the mouth, and dental caries (cavities).
  • Dry mouth (also called xerostomia) also can cause bad breath. Dry mouth may be a side effect of various medications,salivary gland problems, or continuous breathing through the mouth.

What are Cavities ?

  • Cavities are also called dental caries (KARE-eez), and it's important to get them repaired. Plaque- a sticky, slimy substance made up mostly of the germs that cause tooth decay.
  • Cavities are what you get from tooth decay -- damage to the tooth. Tooth decay can affect both the outer coating of a tooth (called enamel) and the inner layers (called dentin and pulp).
  • When foods with carbohydrates like bread, cereal, milk, soda, fruit, cake, or candy stay on the teeth, bacteria in the mouth turn them into acids. The bacteria, acid, food debris, and saliva combine to form plaque, which clings to the teeth. The acids in plaque dissolve the enamel, creating holes called 'cavities'.

    Cavities

  • Dentists find cavities during a regular dental checkup. They will probe the teeth and look for soft spots, or use X-rays to check between the teeth.
  • If you’ve had a cavity for a while, you might get a toothache, especially after you eat or drink something sweet, hot, or cold. Sometimes you can see pits or holes in your teeth.
  • Treatment depends on how bad the cavity is. Most often, the dentist removes the decayed portion of your tooth with a drill. He fills in the hole with a filling made of either silver alloy, gold, porcelain, or a composite resin. These materials are safe.

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis (swelling of the gums) is an early stage of gum disease caused by the buildup of plaque on the tissues that surround the teeth. Plaque, which is a naturally occurring biofilm containing bacteria, can lead to gingivitis if not removed by daily tooth brushing.
  • Gingivitis is quite prevalent. Almost 80% of adults will experience some symptoms of gingivitis, but regular dental checkups are needed.Symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If ignored, they may lead to periodontitis with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds the teeth. Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually happens before periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. Preventing gingivitis is essential to oral health.

    Gum Disease

  • Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and not doing flossing/ interdental cleaning on a daily basis, family history of dental disease make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
  • Chronic swelling of the gums, pocket formation and bone loss usually accompany gum disease.
  • Gum disease can be reversed in nearly all cases when proper plaque control is practiced. Brushing eliminates plaque from the surfaces of the teeth that can be reached; flossing and interdental cleaning removes food particles and plaque from in between the teeth and under the gum line.

How to take care of kid’s oral hygiene?

Good oral care begins before a baby's first tooth.

Babies are born with all their teeth. You can't see them because they are hidden in the gums. Baby teeth start to break through the gums around 6 months. But it is important to start good oral care even before the first tooth comes in. From healthy gums come healthy teeth.

Kids have all their baby teeth by age 3. These are called primary teeth. Baby teeth start falling out around age 6; that's when the permanent, or adult, teeth start coming in. Gaps between baby teeth are normal. They make room for the permanent teeth. Most permanent teeth come in by age 13.

Quick tips for better oral health for kids
  • Start practicing good oral care even before the first tooth comes in. From healthy gums come healthy teeth.
  • Parents should schedule their child's first dental appointment before the first birthday and every 6 months starting at age 3.
  • It is important that children brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and begin flossing as soon as two teeth touch.
  • Children should limit sugary and sticky foods and drinks to protect against tooth decay.
  • When your child turns 2, you can begin to teach your child proper brushing techniques with no more than a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste and holding toothbrush at a 45 degree angle. When your child is about 6 years old, he/she should be developing the dexterity to do it alone. You can then introduce flossing.

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    Don't let your child go to sleep with a pacifier or bottle filled with anything but water. When teeth are frequently exposed to sugar-containing fluids (including breast milk and formula) for long periods, the potential for decay increases dramatically.Bottle Tooth Decay (Nursing bottle caries) can happen if babies drink milk, formula, or juice out of bottles over long periods of time.

To avoid it:
  • Take the bottle away after your baby is done drinking.
  • Don't put your baby to bed with a bottle.

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  • Understand that if your child ingests sugars, it will take the saliva a minimum of 30 minutes to neutralize the acidity that is created by decay-producing bacteria. A sugary snack every hour can mean your child's mouth is always acid, increasing the chances for tooth decay.

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Did you know?

A baby's primary teeth begin forming before birth — at about the sixth week of pregnancy, and begin mineralizing at around the third to fourth month of pregnancy. To ensure proper dental development, the mother's diet must be adequate in all nutrients, especially calcium, phosphorous, and protein.

  • Your child should see a dentist around the time of his/her first birthday and then regularly thereafter. It is important to establish a dental home. Your pediatric or general dentist will teach you how to prevent dental disease, check for cavities in the primary teeth and watch for developmental problems, and set a positive precedent for future visits.

    Did you know?

What are Braces?

Dental braces (also known as bracesorthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used that align and straighten  teeth  and help to position them with regard to a person's bite, while also working to improve dental health. Dental braces are often used along with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the  jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.

Braces

How do braces work?

  • Braces straighten teeth by putting steady pressure on the teeth and by staying in place for a certain amount of time. Most kids just need regular braces with wires and rubber bands doing their jobs to keep pressure on the teeth. The wires on braces help to move the teeth, and the rubber bands help to correct the alignment, which is the way your teeth line up.
  • Everyone has to wear braces for different lengths of time, but most people usually wear braces for about 2 years. You'll want to take special care of your teeth after the braces come off. You may need to wear a retainer, which is a small, hard piece of plastic with metal wires or a thin piece of plastic shaped like a mouthguard. Retainers make sure your teeth don't go wandering back to their original places. Your retainer will be specially molded to fit your newly straightened teeth.
  • After you get your retainer, your orthodontist will tell you when you have to wear it and how long — you might have to wear your retainer all day and all night for 2 years; you might have to wear it at night for 6 months; or you might have to wear it every other night for many years. It just depends on your teeth.
  • Braces act like magnets for food, so you need to keep your teeth especially clean while you have them on. You'll want to brush after meals and be extra careful to get out any food that gets stuck in your braces.
  • Your orthodontist also may give you a special flosser you can use to floss in and around your braces. When your orthodontist changes your wires, ask if you can do a quick floss (it'll be easier without the wires).A specially designed V-cut orthodontic toothbrush (like Stim Ortho-MB will be needed for cleaning the braces effectively)
  • Avoid some foods that are problems for braces. Stay away from popcorn, hard and sticky candy, and especially gum. Sugary sodas and juices can cause a problem, too, because the sugar stays on your teeth and may cause tooth decay. You can have these drinks, but be sure to brush afterwards.
  • Because braces put pressure on your teeth, you might feel uncomfortable once in a while; especially right after the orthodontist makes adjustments.
  • If you ever have a loose wire or bracket, or a wire that is poking you, you should see the orthodontist right away to get it taken care of. If your orthodontist can't find a problem, he or she may give you some soft wax (like Stim Ex) that you can stick on the bracket that's bothering you. Then it won't rub against your mouth.

So braces can be inconvenient, but lots of kids have them and they are definitely worth the trouble. When will you know for sure? On the day your braces are removed and you can see your new and improved smile!

How does Braces work?